Harvesting bean seeds is an important part of the farming process. Proper harvesting and storage techniques will help ensure that the seed remains viable for germination and successful crop production. This article will provide information on how to harvest bean seeds, prepare them for storage, and discuss the best conditions for storing them. We’ll also cover some terminology related to seed storage.
Which Beans to Save for Planting
When choosing which beans to save for planting, you should consider their growth potential. Look for pods with good color and size, as well as fullness. Check for any signs of abnormality, such as discoloration or deformity. You should also pay attention to the variety you’ve chosen—some varieties are better suited for saving than others.
Harvesting Asparagus Seeds
1. How to Harvest Beans
Beans should be harvested when the pods are dry and the seeds inside have taken on a dull appearance, indicating that they are mature. Pods can be hand-picked from the plant or whole plants can be cut down to collect all of the seed pods.
2. Allow the Bean Seeds to Desiccate
Once you’ve harvested the beans, let them dry out completely before storing them. This is important to ensure that they remain viable when stored. Spread the bean pods out in a single layer on newspaper or paper towels and leave them in a warm, dry place for several days until all of the moisture has evaporated.
3. Gently Crack Open the Pods and Extract the Seeds
Once the pods are completely dry and brittle, crack them open gently to reveal the seeds inside. You can do this either by hand or with a rolling pin. Try not to crush the beans too much in order to ensure that their germination rate is as high as possible when you come to plant them. Do this over a bowl or tray to collect any dropped seeds. Discard any empty pods or damaged seeds. The viable seeds should be dark brown with a glossy sheen.
4. Store in an Airtight Container
When storing bean seeds, it is important to make sure that the environment is airtight and moisture-free. This will help keep them viable until you are ready to use them. Place the seeds in an airtight container, such as a glass jar or plastic bag, and store them in a cool, dry place at room temperature.
To maximize shelf life, use a desiccant such as silica gel or diatomaceous earth to keep moisture out of the container. For longer-term storage, you can store your seeds in the refrigerator or freezer. However, make sure that they are stored in airtight containers to prevent condensation from forming and damaging them.
Storage Conditions and Terms
Bean seeds will remain viable for 3-4 years if stored properly. To ensure the longevity of your bean seeds, it is essential to maintain a certain level of humidity, temperature, and light. Seeds should be kept in an airtight container at temperatures around 40-50°F (4-10°C). Low relative humidity levels of 35-50% must also be maintained in order for the seed to remain viable. Avoid exposing the seed to direct light and make sure the seeds remain dry at all times.
It is recommended to store bean seeds in a cool, dark and dry place where temperature changes are minimal. Be sure to use containers that have tight-fitting lids and are moisture-proof. Labeling your containers with the date of harvest may also be beneficial to ensure that you are using the freshest seeds.